What would you do if you can not work any more due to a sudden accident, illness, or disability? And how long can you survive with the money you have saved? Temporary "Loss of Income" due to a serious illness, injury, or disability causes more serious economic impact than unemployment.
According to Automotive Report in 2004, about 500,000 drivers suffered a car crash and 40% of them caused serious injury. Besides the vehicle accidents, there are so many risk factors of accidents that lurk everywhere which threaten our lives and health. Sadly the report shows that one third of americans between the ages of 35 and 65 have suffered at least 90 days of disability during the period of work.
If you’re unable to work due to a sickness or injury, disability income insurance can help you meet expenses and maintain your standard of living. It can help you pay bills like your mortgage, tuition and car payments, and help cover expenses for food, clothing and utilities. By replacing a portion of your income, disability income insurance can help provide financial security until you get back on your feet and return to work.
Preparation is the key for everything especially when it comes to a wise financial planning. Disability Income insurance replaces some or the entire source of income in a case of injury, disability, or illness which prevents you from working.
Typically, this type of insurance can replace the 60~80% of your existing income, and in some cases, it may replace 100% of your income. These income payments can take care of rent, mortgage, groceries, utilities, and more than anything else, you will have a peace of mind knowing that you are covered.
Disability Income Insurance can be sponsored by employers or can be bought privately. Although group policy is cheaper, there are different constrain of conditions to follow. Private Insurance policy provides more benefits in exchange for a slightly higher premium.
Disability income Insurance is eligible for everyone who has an income. Of course, depending on the nature of work, you may or may not be eligible for disability insurance coverage. Job occupations with high risk exposure may find it impossible to get approved.In the event you sustain a disabling injury or illness, there are a number of sources of disability benefits you might be able to tap into. For instance, the government offers disability benefits, as do many employers. You should definitely take the time to understand the benefits that would be available to you through these sources.
Just be mindful that there are limitations on the benefits available through these sources and sometimes the benefits won’t be sufficient to meet your income replacement needs. In those instances, you’ll want to seriously consider obtaining additional coverage, either through the workplace or on your own.
If you’re employed and you suffer a disabling illness or injury, you might be able to count on Workers’ Compensation insurance to replace some of your salary. All states require employers to provide Workers’ Compensation coverage. It typically pays about two-thirds of your predisability income. However, it only pays in cases where your illness or injury is related to your work, and the vast majority of long-term disabilities are not job-related.
A handful of states provide short-term disability coverage—typically for up to six months—that workers pay for through a payroll deduction. They are California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York and Rhode Island, as well as Puerto Rico. For those who live in these states, this can be an important source of short-term income replacement.
The federal government administers a disability insurance program that covers most workers, but qualifying for benefits is far from a sure thing and the payment levels (determined by your salary and work history) are fairly modest. About 60% of applications for Social Security disability benefits are initially denied, and the average monthly payment of current beneficiaries, $1,063, is barely above the poverty line.
The main source of disability income protection in the United States is coverage provided or sponsored by employers. Many employers, especially larger ones, provide their employees with group insurance coverage. There are two forms—short-term disability (STD), which replaces a significant percentage of your income for about three months in most cases, and long-term disability (LTD), which typically pays 40% to 60% of your base salary (pretax) for longer periods.
Often, employees will be given the option to add to the baseline coverage that their employer provides. Some companies don’t provide disability coverage but help their employees by giving them the opportunity to purchase coverage on a voluntary basis. With this type of program, employees, rather than the employers, pay the full cost of the coverage. A benefit of purchasing disability coverage at the worksite is that it’s generally easier to qualify for than coverage you purchase on your own. Check with your employer’s human resources department or benefits manager to see what coverage and purchase options your company’s plan provides.
The most flexible and reliable source of coverage is an individual disability insurance policy you purchase on your own. A privately owned policy is portable, meaning you won’t have to worry about losing coverage if you change jobs. Generally, most individual plans will pay between 40% to 65% of your predisability gross salary. When paid with after-tax dollars, benefits are received income-tax free.